It’s surprising how many people think it’s common for gums to bleed after blushing or flossing. You should be alarmed, though, if chronic gum bleeding and swelling occur – these are already early signs of bacterial infection.
If left untreated, an infection could spread that affects structures supporting teeth in your jawbone. According to CDC, half of Americans aged 30 or older have periodontitis, the most advanced form of periodontal disease. You can avoid this fate by working with a dentist to take good care of your teeth.
If gum disease is caught at an early stage, a simple teeth cleaning may be all that’s required. Before the cleaning process can begin, though, your dentist will perform a full examination of your entire mouth. This ensures there are no underlying issues that need to be addressed.
Then, the dentist typically uses a device known as a scaler to remove plaque and tartar around the gumline, as well as between your teeth. A high-powered electric brush is then used to remove any loose plaque. Finally, fluoride treatment is used that acts as a protective barrier for your tooth enamel.
It’s important to have your teeth cleaned regularly so that gum disease can’t progress into other stages that are difficult to treat. If you’re dealing with lingering pain after the procedure, you can use numbing medication prescribed by your dentist. Desensitizing toothpaste can also manage pain.
Gingival Flap Surgery
If gum disease progresses into the moderate or severe stages, a surgery known as gingival flap surgery may be required. It involves separating gums from teeth, which are folded back temporarily so that a dentist can reach the root of teeth and bone. Any inflamed tissue is removed so that it can’t spread to other structures in your mouth. Root planing and scaling are then performed to remove built-up plaque and tartar in your mouth.
Dissolvable stitches are sometimes used to secure gums back in place. After the procedure is completed, you’ll experience some swelling and mild discomfort. For this reason, it’s important to follow up with your dentist to make sure you’re healing properly and that the surgery was a success.
Gum disease doesn’t just affect your teeth. It could also lead to heart disease and affect blood sugar levels. You can put a stop to this disease, though, if you’re proactive with oral care and get help from an experienced dentist. This specialist knows what services you need to keep your teeth healthy.
See author’s Google+ Profile: Maria Marzo DDS
Periodontal Disease Fact Sheet, perio.org
Periodontal (Gum) Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment, nidcr.nih.gov